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WordStay . for [AES Poe Expansion Harctiware Peter Norton on PCis'* Sound



Cover Photography by Dennis Kitchen

37 Now Playing: Three New Simulation Games

38 Will Fastie

Airport '84: Flights of Fancy Join the airborne

adventure as Flight Simulator takes off on its first

Junior voyage.

42 Greg Pastrick

DOS Boat: Sub Standard Performance Depth- defying submarine simulation awaits the player who dives into Gato.

44 Susan Sandler

I, the Jury: A Case of Trial and Error From the crack of the gavel to the closing comments, Jury Trial makes a case for courtroom simulation.

98 Corey Sandler

Newsbreak: PCjr Price Change IBM makes the first move in what may be a

new game plan for marketing the PCjr. Study the strategy and find out if the new price is right.


Wi As. i


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48 WinnL. Rosch

The Ties That Bind: Junior's Business Connections Desk to desk, IBM’s Cluster Program makes Junior the key to better interoffice communications.

58 Don Kennedy

The Text According to NewWord A a new word processing program picks up where WordStar left off.

66 Winn L. Rosch

Disk Drives on the Double Junior hits second gear with a disk drive add-on from Legacy.

7Q Eric Freedman

The Electronic Shopping Mall: Buying by Modem There's no need to leave home when you buy your wares over the wire with Comp-U-Store.

79 Peter Norton

Wired for Sound Sounding off on Junior's active voice with a book excerpt from Peter Norton.

6 Editors Wire/Corey Sandler

I Bombed in Indianapolis High-flying hijinx as our editor “simulates” flight in the ultimate way. Better buckle up tight as PCjr Magazine lifts off for August 1984.

13 Communications Networks/Eric Freedman Run for the Money Monitor the latest economic developments with InnerLine, a videotex service that taps into the world of high finance.

19 Screen Play/Don Kennedy

Disks of Danger A ransom note pits a private eye against three new adventure games.


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25 Lindsy Van Gelder

Leary in the Sky with Diskettes Timothy Leary raises his computer consciousness.

29 Education/Martin Porter

Knowledge for Sale IBM studies the education market, searching for software that makes the grade.

33 Looking at Logo/Winn L. Rosch

The Turtle Wore Wingtips Logo joins the work force with a program that really means business. 95 Book Review/Susan Sandler

Hands-On BASIC for the PCjr: Measuring the merits of the manual.

101 Its BASIC/John M. Woram

Anatomy of a Program Complicated math isa snap when you program the structured way. 105 Q&A/Steve Rosenthal

Queries on power, printers, and future possibilities for the PCjr.

107 Reader to Reader/Paul Somerson

Jump into an animated graphics program that brings life to the ASCII characters.

L11 Junior Explorer/Peter Norton

Junior’s Sweet Sixteen Explore the circuit with the secret of Junior’s 16-color world.

91 Letters Checks and balances.

94 Coming Up

Sneak peeks at coming attractions. 96 The Product Line

Tips on the tops in Juniorware, starring WordStar for PCjr and The Electric Desk.

99 Revue of Reviews Capsule reviews from the pages of PCjr Magazine.


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Publisher John B. Babcock, Jr. Editor Corey Sandler

Managing Editor Lawrence E. Frascella Associate Editor Don Kennedy Technical Editor Tom Badgett

Staff Editor Susan Sandler Copy Editors Gloria Sturzenacker (Chief), Greg Pastrick Assistant Editor Linda Sanders Editorial Assistant Terri Hartman Editorial Secretary Randolph Johnson Contributing Editors Eric Freedman, Stephen Manes, Peter Norton, Martin Porter, Winn L. Rosch, Steve Rosenthal, Paul Somerson, Lindsy Van Gelder, John M. Woram

Art Director James A. Kiehie

Assistant Art Director Kimberley J. Fisher Art/Photography Bonnie Dann, Gary Heery, Dennis Kitchen,Bill Plympton, David Rickerd, Jeff Seaver, Elwood H. Smith, Marc Taffett

Editorial Office PCjr, One Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016 (212) 725-3604, (212) 503-5400

Advertising Sales Manager Karen Tuckman District Managers (Northwest) Denis Duffy (415) 594-2290; (Southwest) Michela O'Connor (213) 387-2100; (Midwest and Southeast) Wayne Stephens, (Northeast) Karen Musmeci (212) 725-5844 Account Representatives Jonathan Bulkeley, Joanna Broome, Christine Pines, Cindy Ramsey Assistant to the Publisher Rosemarie Carbone Advertising Coordinator Holly Cooperstein Advertising Office Ziff-Davis Publishing Company, One Park Avenue,

New York, NY 10016


President Larry Sporn V.P. Marketing J. Scott Briggs V.P. Circulation Carole Mandel V.P. General Manager Eileen G. Markowitz V.P. Licensing & Special Projects Jerry Schneider V.P. Creative Services Herbert Stern Creative Director Peter J. Blank

Editorial Director Jonathan D. Lazarus Marketing Manager Ronni Sonnenberg


President Richard P. Friese; President, Con- sumer Magazine Division Albert S. Traina; Ex- ecutive Vice President, Marketing & Circulation Paul H. Chook; Senior Vice Presidents Phillip T. Heffernan, Sidney Holtz, Edward D. Muhlfeld, Philip Sine; Vice Presidents Baird Davis, George Morrissey, Rory Parisi, William L. Phillips; Treasurer Selwyn Taubman; Secretary Bertram A. Abrams

PCjr (ISSN #0740-7807) is published monthly for $24.97 one year, $43.97 two years, and $57.97 three years by Zifi-Davis Publishing Co., One Park Ave., New York, NY 10016. Application to mail at second class postage rates is pending at New York, NY and at additional mailing offices. POSTMASTER: Address changes to PCjr, P.O. Box 2452, Boulder, CO 80327. PCjr is an independent journal, not affiliated in any way with International Business Machines Corporation. IBM is a registered trademark of International Business Machines Corp. Entire contents Copyright © 1984 Ziff-Davis Publishing Co. PERMISSIONS: Material in this publication may not be reproduced in any form without permission. Direct request to Jean Lamensdorf, Manager, Reprints/Rights and Permissions, Ziff-Davis Publishing Co., One Park Ave., N.Y., N.Y. 10016. The following are trademarks of PC Communications Corp.: PCjr, PCjr Magazine, PCjr

Dealer and phone

Individual Software, Inc. inquiries welcome.

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Bluebook. The following are trademarks of Ziff-Davis } Publishing Company: Revue of Reviews, Junior Achieve- ment, Junior Explorer, It's BASIC, The Product Line, | Screen Play.

(415) 341-6116 | | | 4 PCjr MAGAZINE



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Editor’s Wire/Corey Sandler

I Bombed in Indianapolis

here's something wrong with this place. First a wicked crosswind came out of nowhere just as we were on final approach for landing and we found ourselves flying a few feet above the ground moving at 150 knots, eyeball to eyeball with the diners in the airport terminal restaurant. We banked sharply to the left, and applied full throttle to the engines. My left shoulder and hip dug into my seat as we pulled up into

A trip to an airport simulation center gets this issue

of PCjr Magazine off to a flying start.

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Cockpit view of USAir’s flight simulator. 6 PCjr MAGAZINE 5 AUGUST 1984

the sky. There's going to be a heck of a report to fill out on that one.

And then we were cruising over In- dianapolis at 10,000 feet, the lights of the city twinkling below us, keeping a lazy eye on a couple of low-flying com- muter planes rising up from the airport to the west. Our USAir DC-9 was perk- ing along nicely, all but flying itself; for Capt. James Fogarty, in the left seat, and me, flying as first officer, the only task left was to sweep our eyes over the dozens of gauges and lights on the instrument panel.

All of a sudden, without a hint of trouble, the board lit up like some de- mented Christmas tree, and there was a horn blaring in my ear. “Right en- gine’s on fire,” Fogarty said, his right hand automatically reaching to the control for the manual fire extinguisher inside the engine. “I’m blowing the first bottle,” he said, and we both watched the fire signal on the panel. No luck.


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He hit the second extinguisher switch, but the fire warning still glowed. Fi- nally, he shut down the engine and the fire quit.

Only now we had just one engine, and the uneven torque wanted to yaw our 45-ton jet into an airborne pin- wheel. But guided by Capt. Fogarty's steady hand, the rudder angled, the flaps extended, and the trim was set, and we circled gently into an uneventful night landing at Indianapolis.

I'm not even going to discuss the sleet storm that materialized out of nowhere on this fine June day, or the problems we had getting the landing gear down when the hydraulic system went on the fritz, or the airline food. We'll leave those problems for another day.

Airborne And to think we never even left the ground! The USAir DC-9 I had spent an hour “flying” was at the air-

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Hydraulic shafts support the flight simulator module.


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line’s Simulation Center at Pittsburgh International Airport. USAir is button- bursting proud of the new facility, which includes five full-scale comput- erized aircraft simulators.

Before I entered the cockpit of the DC-9, Capt. Fogarty, director of flight training and standards for the airline, took me on a tour behind the curtain. From the outside, the simulator, built by Singer Co.'s Link Flight Simulation Division, looks like one of the creatures from H.G. Wells’ “War of the Worlds.” It's a room-sized box set atop four sets of gleaming hydraulic shafts.

As we watched from the outside, a USAir pilot returning to action after a medical leave (he fell through a hatch on his boat), was being put through “three bounces” by a check pilot for the airline. “Three bounces” means three takeoffs and landings, accom- panied by as many realistic vagaries as the instructor chooses to program into the flight. The room yawed from right to left; the nose pitched down; it wobbled from side to side. “Looks like

The uneven torque tried to yaw our jet into an airborne pinwheel.

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he’s going through some heavy weather,” Fogarty said.

We followed the thick spinal cord of cables from the base of the simulator down into a tunnel and across the hallway to the computer room. Each of the five simulators has its own brain center—computers divided into control tasks, instrument simulation, and creation of graphics. For the state-of- the-art DC-9, the system includes a high-speed Gould SEL 32/77-80 com- puter system which controls the move- ment of the simulator and the movement of the hundreds of dials and lights on the instrument panel. The Gould system then passes information on the “location” of the plane to a sep- arate Singer-Link computer bank that produces the spectacular view out the windows. (The graphics system is built around four Intel 8086 microproces- sors, the high-speed cousin of the 8088 chip used in IBM's PCjr micros. )


False Move As | found out soon af- terward, the simulator is quite capable of giving a convincing ride—pull back on the yoke, and not only do you ex- perience a sensation of gravity, but there is a palpable feeling of motion. Obviously, the simulator can't fly 30,000 feet into the air or bank into a coordinated two-minute turn—if it did, it would be an airplane. But the designers of the simulator are quite good at performing little tricks: There is an emphasis, for example, on the “onset” of acceleration or deceleration. To convince its occupants that they're in a dive, the simulator mimics the sudden change in speed and movement and then gradually (and imperceptibly) eases off and returns to its ordinary position in preparation for its next movement.

There is so much attention to detail in the simulator, it’s mind-boggling. For instance, on take-off roll you can feel the expansion joints in the runway as your “wheels” pass over them. The yoke has the same heavy feel as the real DC-9. The rumble of the landing- gear door opening and closing, or of the flaps extending into the airstream, is accompanied by a realistic buffet of the cockpit. At one point in mid-flight, I could swear I was hearing the tinkle of ice in plastic cups as the steward- esses swilled the planters with bumbo in the cabin.

USAir, like a number of other major airlines, works very closely with the simulator manufacturer to come up with a device that meets the airline's particular training requirements. Sometimes the cockpit is a salvaged nose from a plane that has, shall we Say, met an untimely demise; some- times the housing is built from scratch to be an exact duplicate of the real thing. All of the instruments are from current models of the plane now in use; each control is hooked into the computer for proper simulation. The seat I sat in ($8,000 to purchase, and not all that comfortable) had spent time in flight before being put out to pasture in Pittsburgh.

Window Seat But it is the visuals that are the award winners in the cur- rent models of simulators being in- stalled today. Since USAir's hub is in Pittsburgh, the airline’s simulators contain scenery for most of the airports in the northeast. (Indianapolis is a fa- vorite because of that airport's elec-


tronic facilities.) The instructor can set the time of day (present technology provides the most realistic views for night flying, and USAir's system is set up to simulate any hour between dusk and dawn), mix in visibility from un- limited to pea soup fog, or add a soup- con of showers or sleet.

At one point, in midflight, I

could swear I was hearing the tinkle of ice in plastic cups.

The computer has three channels of video—one for each side window and one for the straight-ahead view. Mounted beneath each window is a high-resolution (1024 by 1024 pixels), 25-inch color monitor that projects up into a specially curved mirror lens. The lens collimates the image to give the appearance of three-dimensional depth. Thus when the pilot looks up from the close-in instrument panel to the miles-off lights of the airport, it takes the proper amount of time for the eyes to shift focus.

The lights of the city shimmer in the distance, growing larger and more distinct as you approach. Overhead, identifiable stars rotate with the eve- ning. You can see the lights of other planes above, below, or to the side. Ra- dio antenna warning lights blink. The airport, with runway lights, blue-lit taxiways, control towers, and terminal

buildings, beckons your plane home.

The effect is total: Although some- where deep inside me I knew | really wasn't flying an $18-million, 110-pas- senger twin jet, my hands were sweaty and my stomach was fluttering as we lined up over the middle marker for landing.

When my tour was over, I left the training center and boarded a real USAir DC-9 for the flight back to New York. I thought about asking the pilot if he wanted the afternoon off, but then I decided he probably needed the prac- tice, so I went to my seat and dozed.

Junior Birdmen And so, the ques- tion that must be on every PCjr Mag- azine reader's mind is: How can I get one of these flight simulators for my very own? Well, there are two answers: 1. Build a 100-foot-by-100-foot hangar in the backyard, complete with massive hydraulic ram system and a computer room the size of a small house, and then install a Singer-Link DC-9 (or a Boeing 767, or a military B-52 or C- 130...) simulator. Estimated cost: $7 million, give or take a few million.

2. Turn on your IBM PCjr, insert a floppy disk in the drive, and load Mi- crosoft’s Flight Simulator game. Es- timated cost: $49.95 for the disk. If you wanted to, I suppose you could mount your entire house on hydraulic | lifts to add a bit of movement.

In case you haven't guessed, in this issue we unveil computer simulations for the IBM PCjr. It’s very hard for us to classify simulations—they’re more realistic than a Q&A educational product; they're more substantive than a game; they're more gee-whiz than a spreadsheet. And they're a whole lot of fun.

Gloria Sturzenacker, chief copy ed- itor around here, put down her pencil and picked up her PCjr to take Flight Simulator for a few spins up and down Park Avenue. Gloria, who had never before laid hands on the controls of an airplane, had her imaginary Cessna weaving near-perfect arcs in the sky. (She couldn't land it to save her life, but that’s another story.)

Greg Pastrick took a dive, sub- merging his PCjr beneath the waters of the Pacific as captain of a submarine in Gato. And Susan Sandler bellied up to the bar to prosecute a jewel thief in Jury Trial.

PCjr Magazine sounds like the real thing to me. 0)


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IBM PC Software: the value of choosin

Shoes. [If they don’t fit, they're not worth wearing. Software programs. If they don’t fit, they’re not worth using. That's why it’s altogether fitting that IBM Personal Computer Software offers you a choice.

Size up the selection.

You'll find many types of programs in the IBM software library. They'll help keep you on your toes in the office, at home or in school.

There are, in fact, seven different categories of IBM pro- grams called “families.” A family of software for business, productivity, education, entertainment, lifestyle, communications or programming.

Of course, every program in every family is tested and approved by IBM. And IBM Personal Computer Software is made to be compatible with IBM Personal Computer hardware.


programs that fit.

Putting your best foot forward.

Although every person isn’t on equal footing when it comes to using personal computer software, there’s something for almost everyone in the IBM software library.

For example, you may be on a shoestring budget and want a big selection of programs with small price tags.

You may be introducing students to computing and want programs that are simple to use and simple to learn.

You may run a business requiring sophisticated inventory and payroll programs. Or you may run a business requiring a single accounting program.

You may write interoffice memos and want a streamlined word processing program. Or you may be a novelist looking for a program with features worth writing home about.

Now you can find IBM Personal Computer Software that fits to help you accomplish specific tasks and reach individual goals.

Stroll into a store today.

What's the next step?

Visit an authorized IBM Personal Computer dealer or IBM Product Center near you. To find out exactly where, call 800-447-4700. In Alaska or Hawaii, 800-447-0890.

Ask your dealer to demonstrate your choice of programs. Then get comfortable. Sit down at the keyboard and try IBM software on for size.

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- Because Infocom’s inter- » active fiction is designed

i t by ig fii iH i

é > to run on your imagination.

That’s precisely why there’s nothing more interesting, challenging or interactive than an Infocom disk— but vied after you) ve put it in your , computer.

Once it’s in, you experience = : something akin to Waanea up ies a novel. You find yourself at the center of an exciting plot that continually

challenges you with surprising twists,

unique char-

acters (many of whom pos- sess extraor-

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o interaction Is easy—you type in full English sentences.

But there is this key difference between our tales and conventional novels: Infocom’s interactive fiction is active, never pas- sive. The course of S747 events is shaped by att you choose to hath And you enjoy enormous free-

“sw dom in your choice of actions —you have hundreds, even thousands of alternatives at every step. In fact, an Infocom


interactive story is roughly the length of a short novel in content, but because you're % actively engaged in the plot, your adventure can last for weeks and months.

Find out what it’s like to get inside a story. Get one ‘jest from Infocom. Because with jeg Infocom’s interactive fiction, #.— there’s room for you on every disk.


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“jumbo” certificates of deposit, and the price charged by the Federal Reserve Board for various services.

Market Value If you're not a banker, keep in mind that InnerLine provides other valuable services for those who | are interested in the general economic picture.

Even if you religiously read The Wall Street Journal, Forbes, Fortune and Business Week, it’s possible to miss some breaking financial news. One way to fill in the gap is by electronically accessing either summaries or full stories from each day’s American Banker. You can also search for news on a particular topic and from previous days’ editions. Subscribers can order “clippings” of any story and have them sent to their electronic mailboxes. Choosing the American Banker News Service from the main menu (see side- bar below) also lets you read news bul- letins and world news briefs.

The Frost & Sullivan Political Risk Letter is another news service. The let- ter assesses—by country—the poten- tial impact of international events on foreign investments. You'll find opinion and analysis columns by specialists in economics, banking and marketing as well.

Corporate News InnerLine provides access to the Business Wire and PR Newswire. Both are used by businesses which pay to have their news distrib- uted to the media. Although this is not the place to find the scoop on corporate scandal, it does give updates on changes in corporate top management, business reorganization and expan- sion, and new marketing ventures. For those involved in corporate planning, forecasting and analysis, the Citibase Economic Series offers tables of up-to-date data and statistics for 27 economic indicators including inter- national trade, the labor force, con- sumer installment credit, the Gross National Product, personal income, and the Consumer Price Index. Do you need to know the current unemployment


rate among teenagers compared to the rate two months ago? Or the number of new housing starts? If so, you'll find the answers here.

If you're looking for the fiscal nitty- gritty about a publicly held company, the Disclosure II database has the low- down on about 8,500 corporations. The information comes from reports filed with the U.S. Securities